There were several different editions published in 1902 by Putnam’s Sons and illustrated by Margaret Armstrong. Due to fading of my version, I am unable to determine which edition I may have. Options are: A. Gold on green buckram, not hinged; OR B. gold on pale green or lavender, diagonally fine ribbed cloth, the pages hinged or not; In addition, “Half-title, title page, and page decorations throughout in screened colors.” Additionally, the cover of the book is a gold stamped floral motif with the words “Sonnets from the Portuguese by Elizabeth Barrett Browning in the center. There is also a banner that runs across the bottom of the motif with the words “Love’s standard on the battlements of song.” A small border around the edge of book has floral designs in each corner. Armstrong’s monogram is seen in the lower right hand corner next to the corner floral decoration. Pages are gilded in gold as well. Spine is also gold stamped with floral motif. Only the title is shown on the spine and it reads “Sonnets / from / the / Portu- / guese.
End leaves and flyleaves
Printer's Device- Type
As the first American book designer, Armstrong’s work was especially groundbreaking in its success at breaking away from the popular art deco look of that time. Armstrong liked to integrate type of image, as opposed to having one over power the other. She is also responsible for the creation of her own alphabet, used during the years of 1895 – 1910. Identifiable aspects of her typography include a “capital R that has an exaggeratedly curving descender.” Armstrong was fond of creating her own lettering which had its own distinctive style. Primarily, the cross bars of letters “e.” “h,” and “f” are particularly high. Also, the letter “r” always featured a long tail. “Over the years, Armstrong’s lettering style moved progressively toward thicker stems and heavier wedge serifs.” During this period Armstrong also started to include her signature monogram (MA) which featured the right tail of the “M” overlapping the left tail of the “A.”